Facts about menstruation

Menstruation is a normal and healthy part of life for most women. About half of the female population, that is, about 25% of the global population – is of reproductive age. Today is Maintenance Hygiene Day, an annual awareness day on 28 May to highlight the importance of hygiene management during menstruation. Here are some facts about menstruation:

On average, a woman worldwide menstruates for about 7 years during her lifetime.

For the first time, periods can also be fear, anxiety, or celebration. For every girl, it indicates a move towards femininity. At this time, the support of his family and friends will be helpful for him.

Many girls do not have a complete and accurate understanding of the normal biological process of menstruation. Educating girls before their first period is even more important than making boys aware of it. It boosts their confidence, contributes to social cohesion, and encourages healthy habits. Such information should be provided at home and at school.

The average menstrual cycle is 24 to 38 days. Typical periods last for four to eight days. A monthly or regular period is an indication that the menstrual cycle is normal and a woman’s body is working to prepare for a possible pregnancy.

Poor menstrual hygiene can put physical health at risk, which is related to reproductive and urinary infections.

Girls and women with disabilities and special needs face additional challenges for menstrual hygiene and this is disproportionately affected by the lack of access to toilets with water and necessary materials to manage their periods.

Globally, 2.3 billion people lack basic sanitation services and only 27 percent of the population in less developed countries have handwashing facilities with water and soap at home. Managing periods at home is a major challenge for women and adolescent girls who lack these basic facilities at home.

Many women and girls do not have access to the necessary materials to manage their menstruation, especially in times of emergency such as war or natural disasters. Now that this epidemic has come across the world, many women of low-income groups will be disturbed during their menstruation.

Some women’s periods are not regular. Intense exercise or certain medical conditions can lead to irregular periods. Irregular periods can also occur in people who

  • Are fat.
  • Breastfeeding is done.
  • Are perimenopausal.
  • Under stress


Menstruation is a taboo in India. It is also forbidden to mention the term period here. Women should be educated about periods from a young age. This is important for their health and well-being.

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